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X-Ray Technician Medical Terminology

Even with MRIs and ultrasound screenings, the x-ray technician’s job is still alive and well and in demand. This is because x-rays only are used to detect broken bones and some soft tissue diseases.

The x-ray technician receives instructions from the patient’s doctor to take certain images that will help that doctor diagnose and treat the patient. As such, they must know some basic x-ray or medical terminology to get the correct image.

Here is a sampling of some of the type of medical terminology that an x-ray technician must know:

  • Dorsal refers to the back portion of the body
  • Ventral refers to the front portion of the body.
  • Decubitis means that the patient is lying down and the central ray is horizontal/ parallel to the floor.
  • Lateral refers to the body position that gives a side view of a specific body part.
  • IR is the abbreviation for infrared light.

Putting this knowledge together you will come to find that:

  • Dorsal decubitis refers to the patient positioning that requires them to lie on their back and place their right or left side next to the IR to produce a right or left lateral projection (known as a lateral projection with patient placed in a dorsal decubitis position)
  • Ventral decubitis refers to the patient positioning that requires them to lie on their stomach and place their right or left side next to the IR to produce a right or left lateral projection (known as a lateral projection with patient placed in a ventral decubitis position).
  • Left lateral decubitis means that the patient is lying on their left side and the IR is behind.
  • Right lateral decubitis means that the patient is lying on their right side and the IR is behind.

Does this sound interesting to you? Consider looking into x-ray (radiography) technician training at a school near you today. Visit HealthCareers.net for information.